|About the Book|
International adoptions are increasing at an impressive rate in the United States. Research to date has primarily focused on the developmental outcomes of Romanian adopted children, and investigations are only beginning to consider the potentialMoreInternational adoptions are increasing at an impressive rate in the United States. Research to date has primarily focused on the developmental outcomes of Romanian adopted children, and investigations are only beginning to consider the potential moderating effects of protective factors within the postadoption environment. The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship among cognitive functioning, parenting characteristics, and problem behavior in internationally adopted, postinstitutionalized toddlers from China and Eastern Europe. Specifically, the moderating effect of parenting characteristics on the relation between childrens cognitive functioning and problem behavior was investigated. Internationally adopted toddlers were compared to nonadopted toddlers on measures of cognitive ability, parent-reported problem behavior, and levels of parenting stress. Videotaped interactions of parent-child free play provided measures of positive and negative parenting characteristics. Internationally adopted toddlers demonstrated lower cognitive scores than nonadopted toddlers- however, there were no other group differences on measures of childrens problem behavior or parenting behaviors. Parenting stress and parent play behaviors were not found to moderate the relationship between cognitive ability and childrens problem behavior- however, parenting stress was positively associated with internalizing and externalizing problems among internationally adopted and nonadopted toddlers. In addition, parental intrusiveness was positively associated with childrens problem behavior within the nonadopted toddler group.